Gonorrhoea Singapore | STD

Gonorrhoea in Singapore: Gonorrhoea definition / causes / risk factors clinic, Singapore. Private and confidential service. Definitions, references, and latest news.


Gonorrhoea (UK) / gonorrhea (US) is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae




Gonorrhoea is caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The common sites of infection include the urethra, the endocervix, the rectum, the pharynx and the conjunctiva.



  1. Bignell, C., & FitzGerald, M. (2011). National Guideline on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Gonorrhoea in Adults. Retrieved from http://www.bashh.org/documents/3611
  2. Workowski, K. & Berman, S. (2010). CDC Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment Guidelines (2010). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5912a1.htm
  3. McMillan, I.R., Young, H., Ogilvie, M.M., & Scott. R.G. (2002). Clinical Practice in Sexually Transmissible Infections. London: Saunders Ltd.
  4. Cook, R.L., Hutchison, S.L., Østergaard, L., Braithwaite, R.S., & Ness, R.B. (2005). Systematic Review: Non-invasive Testing for Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoea. Ann Intern Med, 142: 914-925. Retrieved from PubMed.
  5. Tapsall, J.W, Ndowa, F., Lewis, D.A., & Unemo, M. (2009). Meeting the Public Health Challenges of Multi and Extensively-Drug Resistant Neisseria gonorrhoea. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther, 7:821-34. Retrieved from PubMed.



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