Trichomoniasis Singapore

Trichomoniasis in Singapore: Trichomoniasis, or “trich,” is a sexually transmitted infection that may cause itching and discharge, or may not cause symptoms. It can be easily treated.

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Definition/Causes/Risk Factors

Trichomoniasis (pronounced “trick-oh-mone-EYE-ah-sis”), commonly called simply “trich” (pronounced “trick”), is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a microscopic, single-celled parasite known as Trichomonas vaginalis. This parasite lives only in the human genital tract. It can be passed through any activity that spreads fluids from the reproductive tract of one partner to the other. This can include not only vaginal intercourse, but also the sharing of sex toys and the stimulation of each other’s genitals using your hands (“mutual masturbation”). It can be passed from man to woman, woman to man, or woman to woman during sexual contact between them. In Singapore, trichomoniasis is a common infection, and it has been becoming more and more common.

While the word “parasite” may sound alarming, this single-celled organism isn’t really so different from bacteria. It’s larger than bacteria, and certain features of the cell make it classified differently. It’s a more complex organism. However, for the purposes of understanding the infection, you can think of it as being like bacteria. Even though it’s called a parasite, it’s not an insect or worm.

The inflammation caused by trichomoniasis can make it more likely for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) to be transmitted. If a woman has trichomoniasis, she’s more likely to get HIV from an infected partner, and if she has both trichomoniasis and HIV, she’s more likely to transmit that HIV to an uninfected partner. This is one reason to ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment of this infection, as well as testing for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.