Chlamydia Testing in Singapore: Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted by sex. It’s easily treated, but if left untreated can cause infertility, blindess, and arthritis.
If there is discharge present, then some of the discharge can be collected on a swab, and sent to the laboratory for testing. The laboratory tests for the DNA (genetic material) of the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. If there is no discharge, then a swab or other collection of cells may be taken from the vagina or penis.
A urine test may also be used to test for chlamydia. This is a common method of screening for sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. The first part of the urine stream should be collected, because this is the part that usually has the most bacteria. (This is different from urine tests done for other purposes, in which the middle part of the stream may be collected, in order to avoid having too many bacteria in the sample.) While the urine test is easier to do than a swab, it does occasionally miss cases of chlamydia that would be caught by a swab of the vagina and cervix.
If you engage in risky sexual behavior, such as having multiple sex partners, having unprotected sex outside of a mutually monogamous relationship, or having sex with men if you are a man, then you should be screened for chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections at least once a year, and more often (every 3-6 months) if you have many new sexual partners. Because many sexually transmitted infections don’t always cause symptoms right away, getting screened is important to protect your health.
Screening for chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections is a routine part of prenatal care in Singapore, even if you don’t engage in risky sexual behavior. Although this won’t be done without your consent, it makes sense to have this testing, just in case you’re infected and don’t know it, because there is grave danger to the health of the baby from chlamydia.