Chlamydia Symptoms in Singapore: Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted by sex. It’s easily treated, but if left untreated can cause infertility, blindess, and arthritis.
The primary symptoms of chlamydia are similar to those of gonorrhea, although the discharge is typically less yellowish and pus-like than that of gonorrhea, instead being thinner and whiter in most cases. However, this is not a reliable sign, and testing is required if any type of discharge is present.
In women, chlamydia doesn’t have any symptoms in 70 to 80% of those infected. In those who do have symptoms, there may be vaginal discharge, which is usually white, cloudy, or watery. There may be pain or a burning sensation with urination, or the urge to urinate more frequently than usual. There may also be pain with sexual intercourse, or swelling and irritation of the external genitalia. Some women have pain in the abdomen or pelvic region. There may be menstrual irregularities, such as bleeding between periods. Sometimes, there are general signs of illness, such as fever.
In men, there are no symptoms in about 50% of those infected. In the half of men who do show symptoms, there is commonly discharge from the urethra (the tube for urine and semen, which ends at the tip of the penis), which is often white, cloudy, or watery. There may also be a burning or stinging sensation with urination, and the urge to urinate more frequently than usual. Sometimes, men have swelling or pain of the testes (testicles). There may also be general signs of illness, such as a fever.
When chlamydia is untreated, then it may progress to more serious symptoms of illness. Because it’s so common for there to be no symptoms earlier in the course of the disease, many people don’t know that they’re infected until they develop the more serious forms of chlamydia.
In woman, chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID). This means that the infection has spread up into the pelvic organs, including the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes (the tubes that carry the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus). The infection frequently causes scarring, which can leave the woman infertile (unable to become pregnant). Even if the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria are all killed by antibiotics, the damage may be permanent.
In men, chlamydia can also spread up the reproductive tract, leading to epididymitis, which is inflammation of the epididymis. This is an organ that sits next to each testicle, and holds the sperm as they travel along the tract from the testicle to the penis. Again, scarring resulting from this infection can render the man permanently infertile, even if the chlamydia is later treated. Chlamydia may also cause inflammation of the prostate, although scientists aren’t sure whether this actually occurs.
Chlamydia can also cause problems with the eye. The bacteria can be transferred to the eye by flies, fingers, coughing or sneezing, and sometimes by sharing towels. This is a common cause of blindness worldwide, although it’s becoming less and less common with treatment of chlamydia infections. Sometimes, chlamydia also causes arthritis, or joint problems. While treating the infection can get rid of the bacteria and halt the damage, any joint damage that’s already been done is often permanent.
In some people, problems with the urethra, the eye, and the joints are all present. The combination of these three is known as reactive arthritis. Young men are the most likely to get reactive arthritis from chlamydia.
Additionally, mothers may transmit chlamydia to their babies during pregnancy or birth. This leads to a higher risk of premature birth (the baby being born too early, which is dangerous for the baby) or stillbirth (when the baby dies before being born). Chlamydia can cause pneumonia in the baby. It can also cause severe infections of the baby’s eyes and lead to blindness. To protect the baby’s eyes from chlamydia in Singapore, antibiotic eyedrops are put into the eyes of every baby just after birth. Even if the mother hasn’t tested positive for chlamydia, the drops are given to her baby just in case she’s been exposed and doesn’t know it or doesn’t want to tell anyone.