Candidiasis Symptoms in Singapore: Candidiasis, also called a “yeast infection,” can mimic other sexually transmitted infections. It’s uncomfortable, but easily treated with medication.
The symptoms of candidiasis vary depending on where the infection occurs. In women with a vaginal yeast infection, there is commonly itching or burning of the vagina. This sensation may be worse during intercourse. The vagina and vulva (the female external genitalia) may be red and swollen. There is often a discharge from the vagina, which is usually white or whitish-grey and thick, and described as having a “cottage cheese-like” appearance. The discharge may have a smell like bread.
The symptoms of candidiasis are very similar to those of other vaginal infections, such as trichomoniasis, and up to 67% of women who believe that they have a yeast infection actually have another infection. This is why it’s a good idea to visit your doctor to get a diagnosis, rather than attempting to self-treat. If you get yeast infections frequently, then your doctor may recommend that you treat yourself when they happen, unless any of the symptoms are different from usual.
It’s more common for a woman to get a vaginal yeast infection after she takes antibiotics. This is because the antibiotics kill the bacteria that normally keep Candida in check. Without anything to stop them, the yeast begin to grow out of control, leading to candidiasis. Douching or using fragrances in or around the vagina can also kill off some of the normal bacteria, leading to candidiasis.
In men, candidiasis can also cause symptoms similar to those of other sexually transmitted infections. Men may experience itching or burning of the inside of the penis, which is often worse with urination or ejaculation. There may be discharge from the urethra (the tube for urine and semen that ends at the tip of the penis), and the urethra or the entire tip of the penis may also be red and swollen. Yeast infections of the penis almost always occur in men who are not circumcised.
The Candida yeast can also cause an infection of the mouth called thrush. This is fairly common in babies, and usually goes away on its own within a few weeks, although it sometimes needs treatment. Thrush can also occur in adults, particularly when they take antibiotics. In people whose immune systems are not functioning well, thrush is dangerous, because the yeast infection may begin to spread down the throat into the esophagus, which is the tube that brings food from the mouth into the stomach.
Healthy people sometimes have other infections caused by Candida, including onychomycosis (an infection of the nail, which causes the nail to become thick and brittle) and skin infections (which may cause an itchy red rash, and which usually occur in folds of skin that stay moist).
In people with a healthy immune system, the yeast usually remains confined to one part of the body. However, in those whose immune systems are not working well, because they are on chemotherapy, have advanced HIV/AIDS, or for another reason, Candida may spread through the bloodstream and cause a severe generalized infection. This infection is fatal in 30 to 50% of cases.